Historia de Margarita
Paraguachoa was the name given to Margarita by its first inhabitants, the Guaiquerí Indians and it means abundant fishing. It was sighted on August 15, 1498 by Cristobal Colombus.


NUEVA ESPARTA  is it called since May 12, 1817. The executive power of Pampartar oficialized the name for the island group (Margarita, Cubagua and Coche)

During the colonial period , the island suffered numerous pirate attacks (14 asaults between 1565 and 1595) and therefore it had to be fortified. Of the seven built forts, only two remain: Castle San Carlos de Borromeo, located in Pampatar, and Castle Santa Rosa, in La Asunción. Of the forts La Caranta in Pampatar, La Galera in Juan Griego and España in Santa Ana only ruins remain.

May 4, 1810 , the province Margarita joined the independence movement started by the province of Caracas in April of the same yare, and on July 5, 1811, it was one of the seven provinces signing the Independence Act of Venezuela. One star on the National Flag stands for Margarita.


The history of  Margarita may be divided into 4 eras:

Pre-comumbine:
Margarita is populated by the Guaiquería tribe. They call their island Paraguachoa, meaning place of abundant fishing. They were friendly and welcoming. They were fishermen and expert sailors. They also were proud and defended themselves fiercely against occasional attacks by other tribes.

Colony:
The ships of Admiral Christoph Columbus sighted Margarita during their third journey to the Indias on August, 15, 1498. Alonso de Ojeda desembarked on the island and made friends with the Guaiquerí. The indians thought that the pale Spaniards with their shiney armours must be their brothers, "the son of the sun· and that their arrival would mean the start of a large and prosperous empire. The received the Spanish Conquerers very friendly and welcoming.
When they showed the oyster banks of Cubagua to the Spaniards, those subdued the Guaiqueris and forced them to extract tausands of tons of oysters, providing the Spanish Crown with a juicy income, making Margarita a jewel to the kingdom and the pearl into the first currency of Venezuela.

Independence:
As everywhere in the world, humanitarian ideas and human rights lead also in the Spanish Colonies in America into a strong Independence Movement. In Venezuela, the independence war was fought between 1810 and 1821 under the leadership of the military genius Simon Bolivar. Margarita was one of the first provinces succeeding in winning the Spanish troops, that were much more numerous and better armed than the local patriots. Because of the courage and fierceness of the inhabitants, the name Nueva Esparta was given to the island region.

Durante las épocas de colonia e independencia, la isla fue blanco de frecuentes ataques piratas. Varios castillos y Fortines se construyeron para repeler estos ataques y algunos permanecen hasta hoy como recuerdo de un pasado turbulento.

Commercial and Turistic Margarita :
In 1974 Margarita was declared Free Port. This started the economic progress of the Island.


Paradoxically, the hot and sunny climate that before made development dificult, became one of the principal attractions and very appreciated. The climate, combined with the traditional kindness of the natives, their profound understanding of the sea and their commercial skills have made the island into a tourist attraction.The island was forced to develop its infractructure to satisfy the taste of the constant flow of visitors from all over the world.
Beach hotels, golf course, marinas, malls and shops as well as night life and entertainmente - this is Margarita now.